The relationship between the structure and the properties of metal is what physical metallurgy is all about. This book, in its second edition, continues to provide an insight on structural and functional aspects of metals and their alloys. The mechanical properties like fracture, tensile tests, creep resistance and so on are also discussed in detail. The book further details on the process of corrosion and the methods of its prevention. The new edition has been added with several new sections on thermoelastic martensite, shape memory alloys, rapid solidification processing and quaternary phase diagram. The book is intended for the undergraduate students of metallurgical, mechanical and chemical engineering. Besides, the book is also intended for the students preparing for Associate Membership examinations of the Institute of Metals (AMIIM).